Knee pain can vary from a mild irritation to debilitating pain. If you are experiencing knee pain that makes it difficult to walk or stand you should see a doctor. The following list of knee pain treatments is for informational purposes and is not medical advice.
Rest Your Knee:
Rest the injury for a few days to see if the condition improves.
When to use Ice/Heat Treatment:
Ice: Ice should be used to treat recent (acute) injuries (within 48 hours) and to prevent swelling. Ice can be used to treat chronic injuries like overuse injuries. Apply ice after activity to control swelling and/or manage pain.
Heat: Heat should be used before activity to loosen up and relax tissue for chronic issues. Heat will increase blood flow to the area and should only be done prior to any activity. Never use heat after an activity or for an acute injury.
Stretching the ligaments and muscles surrounding the joint can improve knee pain.
Physical therapy will be used to strengthen tendons and muscles in the area surrounding the injury to help a patient prevent injury or to recover and rehabilitate an injury. Typically after any type of knee surgery, a physical therapy program will be administered to aid in the rehabilitation and healing process.
Anti-inflammatory medication will help manage the swelling of the tissues in the joint. When tissue becomes inflamed it results in swelling and knee pain.
Cortisone injections can be used to manage inflammation in the knee joint. Cortisone is not used as a pain relieving medication but relief usually occurs because of the decrease in inflammation. The benefits of the Cortisone injections can be noticed almost immediately, and can last several weeks.
When other more conservative methods provide little or no relief surgical repair is an option. Arthroscopic knee surgery is a procedure where the joint is viewed by a small camera called an arthroscope. The surgery is done with small incisions and small tools used to remove, feel or repair damaged tissue. This procedure is commonly referred to as having your knee "scoped". One of the many advantages to arthroscopic surgery is that is it done on an out-patient basis and the patient can typically leave within 1-2 hours after the surgery is completed.
Partial Knee Replacement:
Partial knee replacements are done when osteoarthritis has caused irreparable damage to the knee joint. Partial knee replacements, also known as uni-compartmental, are used when a total knee replacement is not necessary. The partial knee replacement is used when only one compartment of the knee is affected by Osteoarthritis.
Total Knee Replacement:
Total knee replacements are required when all of the compartments of the knee need to be replaced. The knee is broken down into three compartments; in a partial knee replacement, only one of the compartments is affected. Total knee replacement is major surgery that is meant to replace all three compartments of the knee and replace the degenerated bone with a metal prosthesis. The prosthesis replaces the bone and creates a new, smooth knee joint.